• 5경원 재산 가진 로스차일드 가문의 후계자

입력 : 2013.11.06 05:30
알랙상드르 드 롯쉴드 이사 방한,
가문내 결혼, 재산의 비밀관리, 장남의 가문승계 등 전통 유지

알랙상드르 드 롯쉴드 로스차일드 그룹 이사
알랙상드르 드 롯쉴드 로스차일드 그룹 이사
세계 최대 재벌 가문은 어디일까? ‘석유왕’ 록펠러 가문, ‘철강왕’ 카네기 가문? ‘화폐전쟁’의 저자 슝홍빈은 ‘로스차일드’라고 했다.

독일계 유태인 가문인 로스차일드는 지난 250여 년간 8대(代)에 걸쳐 전 세계 금융 자본을 지배한다는 평가를 받고 있다. 이들이 슈로더, 영란은행 등을 사실상 통제하고, 미국의 월가는 물론 심지어 미국의 중앙은행격인 연방준비제도이사회(FRB)를 조종한다는 얘기까지 흘러나온다. 특히 로스차일드 가문의 소유 기업들은 대부분 비상장이라 이들의 재산이 얼마인지가 ‘추정 불능’이다. 슝홍빈은 그의 책에서 로스차일드 가문의 재산은 50조달러(약 5경원)라고 얘기하기도 했다.

그 로스차일드 가문의 적통 후계자인 알랙상드르 드 롯쉴드(Rothschild·프랑스식 발음·33) 로스차일드 그룹 이사가 최근 2박3일 일정으로 한국을 비공개로 찾았다. 그는 로스차일드 그룹 데이비드 롯쉴드 회장의 장남으로, 운용 총괄을 맡고 있다. 로스차일드 가문은 ‘가문내 결혼, 재산의 비밀관리, 장남의 가문승계’ 등을 통해 가문이 가진 힘의 분산을 철저히 차단하기로도 유명하다.
로스차일드가계도
로스차일드가계도

4일 서울의 숙소에서 만난 그는 “최근 글로벌 경제는 재구성되고 있는데, 이 과정이 끝나게 되면 글로벌 시장에서 아시아 기관들의 역할이 눈에 띄게 강해질 것”이라며 “현재 우리는 아시아의 10개국에서 100여명의 재무전문가를 채용해 직접 활동하고 있다”고 말했다. 그는 이번 방한 기간 중 국민연금공단, 우정사업본부 등 기관 투자자들과 삼성생명, 삼성증권 등 기업 관계자들도 만났다. 업계 관계자는 “로스차일드 그룹은 투자 자문 외에 펀드 운용도 하고 있는데, 글로벌 금융시장에서 중심축으로 부상하고 있는 ‘아시아 자본’을 노리고 있다”고 말했다.

로스차일드 그룹은 30억 유로(약 4조3000억원)의 운영자산을 갖고 주로 중소기업에 투자하는 상업은행 부문, 40개국에 900여명의 전문가를 두고 지난 5년간 1100건의 M&A(인수·합병)를 해낸 글로벌 재무자문 부문, 90개국 4000여명의 VIP고객을 상대로 하는 자산관리 및 신탁 부문, 그리고 글로벌 기관투자자를 대상으로 하는 자산운용 부문 등으로 구성돼 있다.
5경원 재산 가진 로스차일드 가문의 후계자
롯쉴드 이사는 이어 “일년에 서너번 아시아를 찾았는데, 한국은 이번이 처음”이라며 ““첫 방문에서 한국인들의 도덕성, 공경심 같은 사회핵심 가치관이 발전의 기반이란 사실을 확인할 수 있었고, 특히 오랜 경험을 가진 구세대들을 만나면서 이런 점을 느꼈다”고 말했다. 그는 오전 9시 만남이었는데, 이미 첫번째 미팅을 마친 상황이었다.

그는 이어 “한국은 전세계 경제에 있어 중요한 역할을 차지하고 있다”면서 “한국은 점점 세계화되고 있는데다 다양한 기관(국민연금 등)들이 막대한 자본을 보유하고 있어 글로벌 시장에서 더욱 주목 받고 있다.”고 말했다.
끝으로, “로스차일드 그룹을 언제쯤 승계하게 되는가”라는 질문에, 그는 “로스차일드 가문의 ‘후계자’라는 점은 맞지만, 정확한 시점은 아직 언제가 될 지 알 수 없으며, 오히려 승계 시점을 미리 정하는 것이 최악의 방안이 될 것”이라고 말했다.

로스차일드 가문

250년 전 독일의 유대인 거주지(게토)에서 고물상과 동전 장사로 시작한 가족기업 집단이었다. 당시 가게에 내건 휘장이 ‘붉은 방패(독일식 발음 로트 쉴트)’였고, 그것이 로스차일드란 이름의 기원이다.
본격적으로 융성해진 것은 18세기 후반 다섯 형제가 독일, 영국, 오스트리아, 이탈리아, 프랑스로 퍼져 각국에서 은행업을 벌이면서부터다. 이들은 발빠른 정보 교류를 통해 세계 금융을 주무르기 시작했다. 세계적인 역사학자 니얼 퍼거슨 하버드대 교수는 “로스차일드 가문의 성공비결은 가족 구성원간 흔들림없는 단합”이라고 평가한 바 있다.
1998년 IMF 구제금융 때 한라그룹, 현대투신 등의 정상화에 관여하면서 한국에 얼굴을 내밀었다. 이 가문이 만들어 낸 ‘샤또 무똥 롯쉴드’ 등의 와인 역시 최고급 와인으로 유명하다.


[인터뷰 원문]

1) This is your first visit to Korea. How/what is your impression of Korea?

A: Personally this is my first trip to Korea but I already feel “at home.” The welcome I have received has been both courteous and enquiring, and I’m impressed by the unreserved enthusiasm which people show for this great country. One comes with an understanding of the history, the energy, the imagination that has helped Korea become a leader in so many world markets.

But what you realise when visiting is that these abilities to adapt and innovate are based on some core values of integrity, honour and respect, particularly for the old, that are “hardwired” into the society.

It is this blend of the vitality of the individual with the strong sense of his/her relationship with his/her community that I find so fascinating and exciting.

2) Could you please tell us the purpose and schedule of the visit?

A: One reason for my visit is to embed Rothschild’s alliance with Samsung Securities. For several years we have enjoyed a strong and fruitful relationship with Samsung Securities covering M&A clients, and so I was eager to meet with them in person. We bring the broad network of Rothschild’s offices and contacts to the service of Samsung Securities ensuring that Korean companies and foreigners likewise have a seamless service in cross-border M&A.


Not only am I here to see my colleagues at Samsung Securities, I will also be meeting with existing and potential clients. Outside of M&A, we run a set of funds and I will be using this visit as an opportunity to establish dialogue with several institutional investors on our private equity and debt activities.

Korea is a country of great opportunity and so we are eager to see how we can strengthen the relationship between here and Europe in particular. We want to increase our presence in this region.

3) What is the investment trend in Europe and how do you view the prospects in the future?

A: Europe is finally showing signs of revival. The economy has continued to stabilise throughout 2013 and further growth is predicated as we move into 2014. We have witnessed an increase in business confidence as the Eurozone continues to recover due to a boost in exports from improved competitiveness and increased demand from the US and emerging markets; increasing business investment and consumer spending; as well as further policy reforms will all play a significant role in driving growth in Europe.

4) How does the West see Korea and it’s opportunities at present?

A:Korea is a major world economy and we all know, outside the country, that we cannot doubt its significance. However, to date, while its goods have moved freely around the world, its capital has not. However, with a new President making it her business to reach out to the broader world, with pools of capital in the hands of many institutions and with the increasing globalisation which the world is facing, Korea is a country, in addition to being respected, that is gathering an ever growing interest from foreigners. Rothschild and I value the opportunity created by our relationship with Samsung Securities, to better understand Korea and to forge a deeper relationship with those looking to explore overseas opportunities.

Rothschild has a long history of business throughout Asia since the 19th century. Today we have direct access to Asian markets through our network of Rothschild offices and partners in ten countries. We have approximately 100 experienced financial advisers based in the region full-time, with a wealth of local knowledge and connected to Rothschild’s global network of sector specialists in 40 countries worldwide. We have demonstrated a strong ability to bridge cultural gaps between Asian and international companies.

In our wealth and asset management businesses, we will work on growing our existing markets in Europe and in Asia and also expand our range of distribution channels. In Merchant Banking, we have several funds with complimentary strategies and our focus will continue to be on growing our funds under management and seeking suitable investment opportunities globally.
The global economy is going through a rebalancing period, and as part of this I think we will see Asian institutions play a more prominent role in the global financial sector.

5) As an experienced finance expert and heir to one of the most important financial institution in the world, which assets and markets do you see future opportunities will arise from?

A: At a macro level, the global financial markets are still experiencing a degree of instability and uncertainty. As a result, many financial services firms will need to revisit their business models and structures as they come under increased pressure to deliver sustainable returns.

Risk management and compliance issues will continue to be high on the agenda. Many institutions will be focused on adapting to the new regulatory landscape, and continuing to de-leverage and strengthen their balance sheets. Concluding the debate about the implementation of Basel 3 will help to create greater certainty around international regulation. However there will still be some aspects where interpretation and timing could vary across jurisdictions.

The structure of Rothschild has certainly evolved over the years, but our fundamental approach to business has remained the same. Our business model is focused on providing advice and so we have avoided the high-risk activities and conflicts that have affected many other financial institutions during the past five years. It is also a model that is increasingly valued by our clients around the world. Companies, governments and investors face greater uncertainty and complexity than ever before, and so they seek an adviser who understands their aspirations, has a deep knowledge of the options available, and who can make an objective recommendation. The assets and markets which we see opportunity in will need to fit this business model and the expectations of our clients.

We take a long-term approach to business decisions, assessing opportunities in various assets and markets and client relationships. Having a stable, well-capitalised balance sheet has always been a core priority for the family and the firm.

Finally on your comment of ‘heir,’ as my father has explained, one day, I will assume the family heritage. Nobody - not even me - knows the day and the hour. I am very patient on this score. My father and I speak very openly about this and we both agree pinpointing a date now would be the worst possible approach. It will happen when the right time has come.

6) There are arguments that Korea is an emerging market and it is a quazi-developed market. How would you categorize the Korean economy? Could you please provide 1 attraction and 1 shortfall of Korea?

A:We see in Korea two great attractions: a strong entrepreneurial business culture, supported by the respect for law and contract. The biggest shortfall for me personally is that until now I have been kept busy in other parts of the world, but this trip has ensured that I and the bank I represent will feel much closer to Korea as a result.

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